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Thursday, July 23, 2020 | History

2 edition of Vatican diplomatic practice as affected by the Lateran Agreements. found in the catalog.

Vatican diplomatic practice as affected by the Lateran Agreements.

Oliver Earl Benson

Vatican diplomatic practice as affected by the Lateran Agreements.

by Oliver Earl Benson

  • 112 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published by Thone in Lìege .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Vatican

  • Edition Notes

    Thesis - Geneva.

    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiv, 228 p.
    Number of Pages228
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14772422M

      Signed in the Lateran Palace, the treaties ended a year-old conflict between the two signatories and created Vatican City as an independent nation with the pope as head of state. The conflict leading to this momentous agreement, the Lateran Treaty, began in the late 19th century. called void by the Fourth Lateran Council. magna carta. Article 5 established the free exercise of religion in the affected provinces. adams onis. First diplomatic agreement between China and the United States in history. wanghia. Ends the First Sikh War. lahore.

      It is located outside of Vatican City, but retains all the diplomatic status of the Vatican. “The anniversary of the dedication of the Lateran Basilica, which was erected by the Emperor Constantine, has been observed on this day since the 12th century. Papal elections are carried out by the College of Cardinals. Although the Holy See is sometimes metonymically referred to as the "Vatican", the Vatican City State was distinctively established with the Lateran Treaty of , between the Holy See and Italy, to ensure the temporal, diplomatic, and spiritual independence of the papacy.

    Perhaps few people know that Pietro Beretta arms factory Ltd. (the largest arms industry in the world) and is controlled by the Holding SpA Beretta and the majority shareholder of the Beretta Holding SpA after Gussalli Ugo Beretta, is the IOR (Institute for Works of Religion [commonly known as the Vatican Bank]) private institution founded in by Pope Pius XII and headquartered in Vatican.   The Vatican's representative in Washington, Archbishop Pio Laghi, serves as an apostolic delegate, the envoy of the Pope in foreign countries with which the Vatican has no diplomatic relations.


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Vatican diplomatic practice as affected by the Lateran Agreements by Oliver Earl Benson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Benson, Oliver Earl. Vatican diplomatic practice as affected by the Lateran agreements. Liege, Thone, The agreements were signed in the Lateran Palace, hence the name by which they are known. The agreements included a political treaty which created the state of the Vatican City and guaranteed full and independent sovereignty to the Holy t: Establishment of papal state on the Apennine.

Lateran Treaty, treaty (effective June 7,to June 3, ) between Italy and the Vatican. It was signed by Benito Mussolini for the Italian government and by cardinal secretary of state Pietro Gasparri for the papacy and confirmed by the Italian constitution of Upon ratification of the.

The Holy See has long been recognised as a subject of international law and as an active participant in international observer has stated that its interaction with the world has, in the period since World War II, been at its highest level ever.

It is distinct from the city-state of the Vatican City, over which the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign. The book succinctly explains the impact of the development of ecclesiastical diplomacy in the nineteenth century starting from to the signing of the Lateran Treaty--a period during which papal diplomatic engagement did not cease--and its impact on the evolution of the Holy See's pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic practice at the 2/5(1).

Vatican City / ˈ v æ t ɪ k ən / (), officially the Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano; Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is the Holy See's independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy.

Established with the Lateran Treaty (), it is a distinct territory under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See.

The military history of the Holy See from the French Revolution until present is the focus of this book. Alvarez examines Mussolini’s interactions with the Holy See within World War II, as well as Mussolini’s role in the Lateran Agreements that made Vatican City its own entity separate from Italy.

The Lateran Treaty was an accord of between Italy and the Vatican. It was signed in February 11th of that year, and ratified in June 7th by the Parliament of the Kingdom of Italy.

The treaty aimed to settle once and for all what was known as the “Roman Question”, regarding relations between the Vatican and the former Papal States that. As for the FCO's misunderstanding of the law, its pusillanimity in the face of Vatican bluster and the waste of taxpayers money in maintaining two embassies side by side in Rome, the true position is set out in paras to of my book.

They read as follows: The Lateran Treaty casts an extraordinary spell over diplomats unaware of its. Concordat Watch - Italy | How the Lateran Treaty made the Catholic Church into a state.

Mussolini;s boasted that the Lateran Treaty would -ldquo;bury-rdquo; the worldly power of the pope, but it permitted just the opposite, even serving as a springboard to vault the Church into international bodies.

And as a comedienne discovered inthis Treaty still threatens Italians with five. [citation needed] In practice, the papal efforts served to focus Lombard aggrandizement on the exarch and Ravenna. A climactic moment in the founding of the Papal States was the agreement over boundaries embodied in the Lombard King Liutprand's Donation of Sutri () to Pope Gregory II.

Donation of Pepin. The Lateran Pacts of contained three sections—the Treaty of Conciliation (27 articles) which established Vatican City as an independent state, restoring the civil sovereignty of the Pope as a monarch, the Financial Convention annexed to the treaty (3 articles) which compensated the Holy See for loss of the papal states, and the Concordat (45 articles), which dealt with the Roman.

It has been more than a year since the Sino-Vatican agreement signed on Septemand the situation of China’s Catholics continues to attract media attention.

The Vatican is a city State and the spiritual and temporal headquarter of the Roman and Eastern Catholic Churches under the sovereign rule of the Roman Pontiff or Pope.

The official name for the Vatican is: “Stato della Citta del Vaticano” The ecclesiastical, governmental and diplomatic entity of the Vatican is known as the Holy See. This is a list of diplomatic missions of the Holy the fifth century, long before the founding of the Vatican City State inpapal envoys (now known as nuncios) have represented the Holy See to foreign potentates.

Additionally, papal representatives known not as nuncios but as apostolic delegates ensure contact between the Holy See and the Catholic Church in countries that do not. Basic Agreement. In the next two sections, I analyze the provisions of the agreement and pay attention to some problems of the diicult diplomatic relations.

Not without signiicance is also the assessment of the current state of relations between the Holy See and Israel, with particular emphasis on the Agreement signed by Santa Sede and. The Vatican has been keen to re-create ties with Beijing ever since the Communist authorities broke off diplomatic relations in Pope Francis has.

Peter’s Pence is a practice dates back to the beginnings of the Church and more formally to the 8 t h century’s Anglo-Saxon practice known as Alms of St.

Peter. Peter’s pence contributes among other things to the charitable mission of the Pope and the Holy See all over the world. The High Contracting Parties undertake to establish normal diplomatic relations between each other, accrediting in Italian Ambassador to the Holy See and a Papal Nuncio to Italy, who shall be the doyen of the Diplomatic Corps, in accordance with the ordinary practice recognised by the Congress of Vienna by the Act of June 9, 18 The largely Italian Vatican diplomatic service never quite grasped this implication of the Lateran Accords, though.

Rather, it seems these foreign-policy professionals continued to think that the new Holy See/Vatican City was something like the old Holy See/Papal States: a third-tier European power. The Lateran Treaty signed with Italy, which granted the Holy See a small territory, paved the way for the building of a diplomatic network with a large impact because of its reputation for.The Lateran Pacts were the first of a series of concordats the Vatican signed with European totalitarian regimes: it was followed by the Reichskonkordat with Hitler’s Germany in The Pacts deeply affected many aspects of Italian society and changed the ethical parameters that had shaped social welfare, scientific research, medical.With the Lateran Pacts, the Vatican no longer subjected the King to excommunication for the conquests of the last century.

Upon ratification of the Lateran Treaty, the papacy recognized the.